Traumatic Brain Injury – 6 Types and Their Devastating Effects

March 6, 2023

Traumatic Brain Injury – 6 Types and Their Devastating Effects

Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury can last a lifetime, leading to negative ramifications for victims.

The human brain controls various processes that regulate the body. Certain injuries to the brain, known as a traumatic brain injury, or TBI, are common. It’s important to try and keep the brain healthy to allow proper human function.

A TBI is an injury that affects the brain and how it works.  According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, there is an average of approximately 2.5 million traumatic brain injuries every year. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) report a TBI may be caused by:

  • A bump, blow, or jolt to the head
  • A penetrating injury (such as from a gunshot) to the head

The severity of a traumatic brain injury is broken down into three categories: mild, moderate, and severe

A Mild TBI may include symptoms such as: 

  • Sensitivity to light or noise 
  • Lack of energy 
  • Mental fog
  • Difficulty concentrating 
  • Short or long term memory issues 
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Disruption in sleeping patterns 

Moderate and Severe cases are usually more long lasting. Some ongoing symptoms of a moderate or sever traumatic brain injury can include: 

  • Difficulty concentrating, understanding, or thinking clearly 
  • Trouble communicating and learning new skills and information
  • Physical weakness 
  • Issues with coordination or balance 
  • Problems with hearing
  • Problems with vision 
  • Changes in emotion or mood
  • Increased impulsivity

A traumatic brain injury documented via a red marks to part of the brain

There are also certain types of traumatic brain injuries, such as:


Concussions are one of the more common, and talked about, traumatic TBI’s. Violent, quick shots to the head, such as a football helmet to helmet collision, or a pro wrestler getting hit with a chair, may cause the brain to move or twist.


A contusion is like a bruise on the brain.  It may cause bleeding, swelling, and could lead to more serious issues.


Edema is swelling of the brain, like an expansion. However, your skull cannot grow with the brain swelling. There isn’t a specific injury that leads to this traumatic brain injury.


There are multiple types of skull fractures, including open and basal. Symptoms can include facial bruising and bleeding from the nostrils or ears.


A diffuse axonal injury is when the axons of brain cells are unable to work properly. It’s one of the most severe TBI’s.


Hematoma is when blood seeps in the brain or empty spaces nearby, creating a pool of blood between the brain and its outermost layer. It’s potentially life threatening, and should be treated as quickly as possible. 

Post-injury, a traumatic brain injury can affect victims for the rest of their life.  Sometimes, the injury may not seem immediate, but it is always important to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor if you suspect you have suffered a traumatic brain injury.

The CDC estimates over 50 percent of those with a TBI died or became worse within five years of their injury.  You shouldn’t have to suffer.  You should have a dedicated team on your side to support you during this difficult time.  

If you or a loved one have gone through the anguish of a traumatic brain injury caused by someone else’s negligence, reach out to our Los Angeles brain injury attorneys at C&B Law Group today.

The LA injury attorneys at C&B Law Group will exhaust every avenue to ensure that the liable party is held accountable. We will seek compensation following a serious injury, including: 

  • Medical expenses 
  • Rehabilitation
  • Loss of Income 
  • Pain and Suffering 
  • Emotional Damages 
  • Punitive Damages, if possible

If you believe that your TBI was due to the neglect of another party, call our Los Angeles traumatic brain injury lawyers today for a free consultation. Our Southern California attorneys will work to defend you.

Call us today at (855) 879-4894, or email by clicking to the form on our website here.

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